The disease the slap is a disease with a rash on the skin, typically on the cheeks first and then the whole body, caused by a virus: The human parvovirus B19.
That makes? Like many viral diseases depends on each child that affects more or less, but, despite this so spectacular name, most cure quickly without complications.
It mostly affects children 5 to 15 years and usually begins with fever, headache, and pain on swallowing, stuffy nose and marching mucus. A few days later, when the child is already well, the red spots begin, which is the signal that helps us diagnose it, first on the cheeks (hence the disease of the slap) and then on the ass, trunk, arms And legs, and throughout the body, but does not usually affect the palms of the hands or soles of the feet. The spots are cleared by the central part and at the end is reticulated form. These stains do not make much itching (sometimes mild especially in older children) and can last for 2 or 3 weeks, it seems to get worse until they disappear. Sometimes they come out intermittently with exercise, heat or the sun. They rarely have red eyes, lymph nodes, diarrhea, and different rashes. In adults or older children joint pain may appear especially on hands, wrists, knees or ankles after the illness. When does it appear? Epidemic outbreaks occur in late winter and early spring, although we can see all year. How do you get it? The contagion is by the saliva, the mucus and especially by the droplets that carry the sneezes and the cough. It occurs primarily before the rash begins, when the disease is incubating, between the mild and red fluff on the skin, and can affect half of a class. The good hygiene and washing hands often are the only measures that can protect a little. Isolating children with a rash is not effective because, as we have already explained, the contagion is earlier. How long does it take to leave? The incubation time is generally about 15 days from the time we get in touch until the disease comes out. How many times can you catch? Once the disease is passed, it does not happen again, we become immune. That is why most adults cannot catch it. What treatment should be given? There is no treatment for this disease, we can relieve the child, if you have a fever or are ill, with acetaminophen or sometimes your pediatrician can give you some drug if the itching is intense … Usually when we have redness the child is already well and is at school. You can go to school with the spots, as it is not contagious and can make normal life but trying to avoid the rash triggers (exercise, heat and sun). When should I see my doctor? -When the rash is accompanied by poor general condition, high fever, joint pain or a lot of itching. -When the child has an underlying disease that makes him more susceptible to complications. -When a pregnant woman is suspected of having the disease (especially in the first trimester). -When the child has an underlying disease that makes him more susceptible to complications. -When a pregnant woman is suspected of having the disease (especially in the first trimester). -When the child has an underlying disease that makes him more susceptible to complications. -When a pregnant woman is suspected of having the disease (especially in the first trimester).